This seminar focuses on the least studied period of Stalinist Soviet literature. For years, we were content to explore a tainted, largely false, image of the artistic life of this period. Recent decades have brought to light new sources, testimonies and documentary material. This seminar is an attempt to examine the tragic history of specific writers and of Soviet literature as a whole from the background of new archival and documentary discoveries. We will demonstrate that Soviet literature existed on two levels: the official level, under the leaden blanket of censorship, and the authentic, uncensored level.